The 1793 Large Cent is an iconic coin for numismatists, as it was the first large cent minted in the United States. It has become a valuable collectible due to its rarity and historical significance.
This article will explore the history of this coin and discuss its features that make it so desirable to collectors.
The 1793 Large Cent was authorized by Congress in 1792, with production beginning shortly after in April of that year at the Philadelphia Mint.
The obverse design featured Lady Liberty facing left surrounded by 13 stars representing the original colonies. On the reverse side, there is a wreath featuring various plants native to America encircling ONE CENT letters arranged around a small circle containing a sunburst pattern.
There are three distinct varieties of this coin: Chain Reverse, Wreath Reverse and Liberty Cap Reverse; all have been sought-after since they were originally released over 200 years ago.
History Of The 1793 Large Cent
The 1793 Large Cent is an important piece of American numismatic history. It was the first type of large cent to be minted in the United States under the Coinage Act of April 2, 1792. The coin was designed by Henry Voigt and struck at the Philadelphia Mint from July-December of that year; only 36,103 were produced.
The design features a bust of Liberty wearing a Phrygian cap on its obverse face and a wreath surrounding the words “One Cent” with 15 stars on its reverse face. This motif would later influence coins such as the Flying Eagle cents which began production in 1856.
Most specimens are found in circulated grades due to their age and relative scarcity, though some uncirculated examples still exist today.
Collectors prize these coins for their historical significance as well as their aesthetic beauty. While they may not command high prices like other rarer pieces, they remain popular among serious collectors who seek to build sets or displays featuring iconic U.S. coins throughout history.
A perfect example of this is the 1793 Large Cent – an important part of our nation’s monetary heritage that deserves recognition and admiration from all coin enthusiasts alike.
Design Of The 1793 Large Cent
I’m so excited to discuss the design of the 1793 Large Cent!
Let’s start by talking about the minting process. It was an incredibly intricate process, with a team of skilled artisans working to create each piece.
Next, let’s touch on the edge design. There were actually two different designs used, so that’s something to think about.
Lastly, let’s talk about the compositional variations. It’s amazing how many different variations were created in such a short amount of time!
Upon its introduction in 1793, the large cent was one of the most ambitious projects ever undertaken by the United States Mint. The coin’s design and minting process were two key components to this revolutionary endeavor.
To start, the obverse featured a stylized representation of Lady Liberty with flowing hair capped off with a Phrygian cap surrounded by thirteen stars representing each original state. On the reverse side is an intricately detailed wreath that encircles ‘ONE CENT’ inscribed at its center.
The production process for these coins was incredibly complex but was also necessary due to their larger size when compared to modern cents. Each blank planchet had to be hand-fed into a screw press where it would be struck multiple times between two hardened steel dies before being ejected out onto a sorting table.
After inspection, they were sent through supplemental presses that added further detail around the edges of both sides which gave them greater contrast and clarity than any other contemporary U.S. coins at that time.
All together, these steps made up what can only be described as an impressive feat of engineering and craftsmanship on behalf of those involved in creating America’s first official federal currency piece – the 1793 Large Cent!
The edge design of the 1793 Large Cent was just as intricate and impressive as its obverse and reverse designs. It featured what’s known as a ‘lettered edge’ which is when lettering is incused into the edge of a coin, usually with a lathe-like tool.
This lettered edge read ‘ONE HUNDRED FOR A DOLLAR’, signifying the value that could be exchanged for one cent at the time it was minted. This detail added to both aesthetic appeal and anti-counterfeiting measures since only coins struck by authorized US Mints would have this specific inscription on them.
The edges were also slightly ornamented in some areas adding more visual interest and contrast between each side of the coin. All together, these features provided an eye-catching finish to America’s first federal currency piece – the iconic 1793 Large Cent!
The design of the 1793 Large Cent was extremely intricate and impressive. As if that wasn’t enough, its composition also varied in some cases! These variations can be mainly divided into two categories: copper-nickel cents and pure copper coins.
Copper-nickel cents were composed of 88% copper and 12% nickel while pure copper coins were made up of 100% copper metal. It’s thought that these two compositions each had a unique purpose; both were legal tender at the time but one may have been used more for circulation than the other.
Besides their metal content, there are no major differences between them when it comes to appearance – they look almost identical, with only minor variations like planchet size or die types. In any case, we can see how much effort went into creating this important piece of early American currency!
Rarity Of The 1793 Large Cent
The 1793 Large Cent is a rare coin, with only 1.1 million ever minted over the course of two years. It was the first large cent produced by the United States Mint and it has become highly sought after in numismatic circles due to its historical significance.
The obverse of the coin features Lady Liberty facing left while wearing a Phrygian cap and surrounded by thirteen stars representing the original colonies; meanwhile, on the reverse side is an image of a chained coil and inscription that reads “One Hundred for a Dollar”.
Most specimens of this early copper penny are well-worn from circulation or have been cleaned for display purposes, making them worth less than their uncirculated counterparts – but even these can still be quite valuable if they remain in good condition. Uncirculated coins are especially prized among collectors as they represent some of the earliest American coins ever created.
In fact, many enthusiasts will pay top dollar for just one example! Given their rarity and history, it’s no wonder why so many people seek out these pieces to add to their collections: not only do they serve as tangible reminders of our nation’s past but also make great investments into future generations’ inheritances.
Collecting 1793 Large Cents
The 1793 large cent is a coveted item among numismatists, and many collectors strive to add this coin to their collections.
There are two main types of the 1793 large cent: the Liberty Cap type, which bears an image of Lady Liberty wearing a Phrygian cap on its obverse side; and the Chain type, with a chain around 15 links encircling ONE CENT along its reverse side.
The process of collecting these coins can be both exciting and rewarding. Here are some tips for those interested in adding one or more 1793 large cents to their collection:
- Look for well-preserved specimens that have good eye appeal – small details such as full rims and even surfaces will increase the value of your coin significantly.
- Research auction records from reputable dealerships so you know what prices are reasonable when acquiring coins.
- Become acquainted with grading standards used by major third party grading services like NGC or PCGS so you buy only authentic pieces at fair market values.
- Consider joining a local numismatic group or attending conventions where you can interact with other knowledgeable collectors who may offer valuable advice about purchasing coins.
- Take time to study existing reference materials that provide detailed information about die varieties, mint marks, etc., which helps determine authenticity and value of different coins.
Overall, having patience while shopping around for quality pieces is essential when building any collection – especially if it includes an elusive piece like the 1793 large cent! With knowledge and persistence, however, anyone can assemble a desirable set worth admiring for years to come.
Pricing Of The 1793 Large Cent
As the old adage goes, ‘One man’s trash is another man’s treasure,’ and this could not be truer for 1793 large cents. These coins were once just hunks of metal to many people, but now are highly sought after by numismatists around the world.
For those who appreciate the beauty and history behind these coins, it can be hard to determine how much they should pay when purchasing one. The pricing of a 1793 large cent varies depending on the condition of the coin and its rarity in comparison to other years. Generally speaking, most collectors agree that prices range from $50 up to five figures or more if you find an example with high eye appeal.
To properly assess their value, factors like grading level, unique features (such as doubled die strikes), surface preservation/blemishes need to be taken into account before making a purchase decision.
In regards to authentication, there are several resources available online which help provide guidance in determining whether a coin is genuine or counterfeit. This can include researching similar illustrations from reliable sources such as auction houses and scholarly works on early American coins; consulting professional graders through third-party services; or taking advantage of certification programs that guarantee authenticity. It is always wise for buyers to do their due diligence prior to investing any money into such collectibles.
Frequently Asked Questions
Is There A Difference Between A 1793 Large Cent And A 1793 Small Cent?
As a numismatist, it is important to understand the differences between large and small cents of 1793.
The main difference between the two coins lies in their size; while both are considered ‘large’ compared to modern day U.S. coins, the 1793 large cent is notably larger than its smaller counterpart.
Additionally, the obverse side of the coin features a slightly different design on each type – while they appear very similar at first glance, inspection reveals that there are slight variations in the details of the wreath and other elements present on either side of the coin.
Finally, certain types of 1793 small cents can be worth significantly more than their larger counterparts due to rarity and condition.
Are 1793 Large Cents Still Being Minted Today?
No, 1793 large cents are certainly not being minted today.
In numismatic terms, that would be a long shot—not to mention it would require some serious time travel.
Large cents were a form of currency used in the late 18th century and early 19th century before they were replaced by smaller cent coins in 1857.
Of course, the most recognizable large cent is the iconic 1793 Liberty Cap obverse design which was only produced for one year.
This makes them highly sought after among collectors as they represent an important historical milestone in U.S coinage history.
How Can I Tell If A 1793 Large Cent Is Genuine?
As a numismatist, determining the authenticity of coins is an essential skill. One way to do this with a 1793 large cent is to check its physical characteristics, such as diameter and weight. If it’s not within the tolerances for that specific coin type, then it may be counterfeit.
Additionally, look closely at the lettering on the obverse and reverse; if there are any signs of wear or damage that don’t match up with other coins from that era, then you can be reasonably sure it isn’t genuine.
What Is The Most Valuable 1793 Large Cent Ever Sold?
As a numismatist, I’m often asked about the most valuable large cent ever sold.
The highest price was paid for an example of the 1793 Liberty Cap Chain Cent in 2013.
It fetched $1.38 million at auction, and has since become one of the most sought-after coins among collectors.
Its rarity makes it especially desirable and rare specimens can fetch extraordinary prices when they come up for sale.
Does The Condition Of A 1793 Large Cent Affect Its Value?
The condition of a coin can have an immense effect on its value, and large cents are no exception.
A well-preserved piece with minimal wear or damage is likely to fetch higher prices than one that has been heavily circulated.
Even the slightest alteration in quality can make a difference when it comes to pricing; an example would be a minor flaw on the face which could reduce the cost of what might otherwise have been a valuable specimen.
Ultimately, each individual 1793 large cent must be appraised by experts in order to determine its true worth.
The 1793 Large Cent has captivated numismatists for generations. It’s a unique piece of history that will continue to pique the interest and admiration of coin collectors forever.
With its distinctive design, it’s easy to understand why these coins are so coveted. To authenticate a genuine specimen, collectors must be sure to examine all aspects of the coin carefully as condition can have an immense impact on value.
As with any valuable asset, familiarizing oneself with the nuances of this iconic large cent is essential in order to make an informed investment decision.