1866 Two Cent

1866 Two Cent

The 1866 Two Cent is a rare and highly sought-after piece of United States numismatic history. It was the first coin ever to feature the motto ‘In God We Trust,’ making it an incredibly collectible item for any modern day numismatist. Its rarity and importance have contributed to its high value among collectors, with some specimens fetching as much as $13,000 at auction.

This article will provide an overview of the 1866 Two Cent’s design, production and historical significance. The 1866 Two Cent was minted during a time when coins were beginning to take on more meaningful designs that reflected values important to American culture at the time. The inclusion of “In God We Trust” on the reverse side was not only momentous in terms of religious symbolism but also marked a new direction in U.S. numismatics.

With its unique combination of features, the 1866 Two Cent has become one of America’s most beloved pieces of currency, appealing to both experienced and novice numismatists alike.

Overview Of Design And Production

Design and production of coins have been a part of human history for centuries. Coins were made in various shapes, sizes, materials, and denominations to suit the needs of different societies throughout time. Numismatists are particularly interested in studying these coins as they give us insight into past cultures.

The design process behind a coin starts with an idea or concept that gets transformed into sketches which is then further refined by artists before being cast into plaster models ready for mintage. The choice of material used depends on its availability and cost effectiveness but also has symbolism associated with it such as gold representing wealth or silver signifying purity.

Production techniques range from the most basic hammering methods to more complex minting operations involving machinery. In addition to striking coins, other processes like die cutting or engraving can be employed depending on the desired outcome.

Coin collecting and numismatics provide valuable insights into our cultural history; every coin tells a story about its origin and purpose whether it’s an ancient Greek drachma or a modern day penny. As such, the study of coins will remain relevant long after their circulation ceases providing generations to come with a glimpse at our shared past.

Historical Significance

The two cent piece has a long and interesting history. It was first issued by the United States Mint in 1864, during the Civil War. The mintage of this coin was limited to just over 1 million pieces that year – making it one of the rarest coins ever produced by the U.S. Mint!

This rarity makes it an especially attractive collectible for numismatists looking to add unique items to their collections. The two cent piece was made with 88% copper and 12% nickel alloy composition, giving it a distinct yellow-bronze coloration that stands out amongst its contemporaries. Its reverse features a wreath encircling “TWO CENTS” while its obverse depicts a Union shield superimposed on crossed arrows – symbols meant to represent unity and strength at a time when America desperately needed both.

With such powerful symbolism imbued into these small coins, they soon became known as ‘shield twos’ or simply ‘shields’ among collectors. Nearly 20 years after its initial release, demand for the two cent piece began to wane due largely to inflation and counterfeiting concerns; eventually dwindling until production ceased entirely in 1873 – leaving only about 6 million total specimens available today!

Though relatively scarce in comparison to other contemporary issues from the mid-1800s, this issue remains popular enough with hobbyists – offering yet another opportunity for those who delight in collecting historical artifacts from some of our nation’s most tumultuous times . . . and explore the fascinating history of the Civil War era.

Rarity And Value

Coin collecting is an age-old hobby that has been popular since ancient times. It involves the amassing and study of coins, tokens, and other forms of currency from various eras. Numismatists often seek out rare or valuable coins to add to their collections.

This section will explore the rarity and value associated with certain coins:

  • Rarity:
  • Many factors contribute to a coin’s rarity, including its date of minting, condition, mintage numbers, composition, and scarcity in circulation. As such, some coins may be especially sought after due to their limited production or lack of availability in certain countries.
  • For example, gold coins from the early 19th century are highly prized by collectors because they were rarely circulated due to their high intrinsic value at the time. Similarly, many older coins have become scarce as a result of wear and tear over time.
  • In addition to physical factors like these affecting a coin’s rarity, there may also be cultural reasons for why some pieces are more desirable than others. For instance, commemorative coins issued on special occasions may become collectible items if they represent important events or figures in history.
  • Value:
  • While all rare coins hold some degree of monetary worth based on their market prices, numismatic values can vary widely depending on how much collectors are willing to pay for them.
  • Coins made up of precious metals tend to fetch higher sums when sold—especially those containing gold or silver—due mainly to the materials’ inherent properties rather than any historical significance attached to them.
  • On the other hand, intrinsically valuable pieces with unique designs can sometimes command even price premiums due to strong demand among buyers who appreciate both form and function. Such examples include ‘error’ coins which feature mistakes made during manufacture but still remain usable tender; these types of anomalies usually attract considerable attention within collector circles despite not having major artistic appeal themselves.

Since most enthusiasts view coin collecting as both an enjoyable pastime and viable investment opportunity at once, it is no wonder that so many people are drawn towards acquiring rarer specimens with greater potential returns down the line.

Images Of The Coin

The two cent piece shines like a beacon in the night sky of numismatics. Its rays reach far and wide, illuminating its place as an important part of American currency. To many collectors, it is one of their most treasured coins – its beauty unparalleled against other denominations.

Images of the coin show its splendor to the world; from obverse to reverse, we see intricate details that truly capture the eye. The head of Liberty with her laurel wreath atop her head stands out boldly against the background – while on the back side, we find an eagle standing proudly upon arrows and olive branches.

Each view brings us closer to understanding this special piece of history. If you look closely enough at these images, they will tell stories about America’s past – tales of courage and bravery which are still relevant today. Whether it be through artwork or historical accounts, these narratives remain alive through our connection with them.

By studying what lies behind each scene depicted on the two cent piece, we can gain further insight into our nation’s story.

Collecting And Investing In The 1866 Two Cent

The 1866 two cent is a highly sought after coin for numismatists. It was the first U.S. coin to feature an inscription of ‘In God We Trust,’ making it a piece of history with great symbolic value.

Its mintage in Philadelphia and San Francisco mints makes it attractive to collectors, as does its distinct design on both sides featuring Lady Liberty encircled by stars and rays.

Two cent coins were only produced for three short years between 1864 and 1873, so the fact that the 1866 version continues to stand out is noteworthy.

The rarity of this coin has made it a valuable investment opportunity, with some pieces selling for several hundred dollars or more depending on condition. For this reason, many numismatists have taken up collecting them as part of their portfolio diversification strategies.

Given its historical significance and tangible economic worth, the 1866 two cent stands out among all other American coins from this era — a truly special acquisition for any collector or investor looking to add diversity to their collection.

Frequently Asked Questions

How Do I Authenticate An 1866 Two Cent Coin?

Authentication of coins is an important part of numismatics. For the 1866 two cent piece, a few key factors should be considered to ensure its authenticity.

A first step is to examine for any signs of wear or damage on the surface of the coin that could indicate it’s not genuine. It’s also essential to look at special characteristics such as edge reeding and mint marks which are indicative of the original issue date.

Lastly, it’s necessary to have your coin authenticated by a professional in order to confirm its legitimacy.

Where Can I Buy An 1866 Two Cent Coin?

For the numismatist looking to add an incredible collectable piece to their collection, there is no better option than a 1866 two cent coin!

A spectacular find of utmost rarity and value, these coins are simply stunning.

Finding such a precious item can be daunting, but thankfully for those wishing to purchase one, there are reputable dealers selling them online with ease.

With just a few clicks you could have your very own 1866 two cent coin in hand, ready to delight and amaze both yourself and others alike.

What Is The History Of The 1866 Two Cent Coin Design?

The 1866 two cent coin design is an iconic piece of American currency. It was the first United States coin to bear the motto ‘In God We Trust’ and it was designed by James Barton Longacre, Chief Engraver at the Philadelphia Mint from 1844-1869.

The obverse features a shield surrounded by 13 stars representing each original colony with the words ‘UNITED STATES OF AMERICA’ above and the date below.

The reverse has a wreath surrounding the denomination “2 CENTS” in large letters with small lettering that reads “IN GOD WE TRUST” just above.

This coin remains one of the most sought after collectibles among numismatists today due to its unique history and symbolism.

What Should I Look For When Grading An 1866 Two Cent Coin?

Grading an 1866 two cent coin is a feat of numismatic expertise, requiring keen attention and a discerning eye.

The first step in assessing the condition of a coin is examining its surface for signs of wear or damage, such as scratches and nicks.

Next, look at the striking details – to determine if these have been worn down with time or are still sharp and well-defined.

Finally, consider the overall luster; coins that remain bright tend to be more valuable than those which have faded due to extended circulation.

With all these factors taken into account, you’ll be able to accurately appraise your 1866 two cent piece.

Are 1866 Two Cent Coins Still Produced Today?

No, 1866 two cent coins are no longer produced today.

The United States Mint discontinued production of these coins in 1873 due to a declining demand for the denomination and its relatively low purchasing power.

Today, collectors can find surviving examples from this period but they must be purchased through auctions or private sales as the U.S. government does not issue them anymore.


As a numismatist, I’m in awe of the 1866 Two Cent coin. It’s an iconic piece of American history that provides insight into our nation’s past.

Not only is it highly collectible and sought after by avid collectors, but its intricate design makes it visually stunning as well.

The challenge with collecting these coins lies in authenticating them and grading their condition to ensure they are genuine. With knowledge and expertise, however, you can add this treasure to your collection with confidence.

The 1866 Two Cent coin certainly deserves its place among the pantheon of great American coins!






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